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Now, these are Celox granules. They're a hemostatic agent, but they're in granular form. Now, the advantage of the granular form is you actually pour it directly onto a wound. So the important thing to do to start with this, always wear gloves. I'm just demonstrating here, that's why I'm not wearing my gloves at the minute. Number one, you need to find out exactly where the wound is bleeding from. So you take a normal dressing, pat around the wound until you take away the blood and you can actually see where the hole is coming out. You can then pour the granules directly into that point. And the way these work is they react with the blood and then they'll form a positive, sort of like a clot effectively. So as the granules fall then they'll react. Now, this is really good for people who are on blood thinning agents, Warfarin or something like that, or for people who don't clot very well, it's great because it will set solid and will stop a catastrophic bleed.

Now the unit itself, what you got on here is the weight, this is 15 grams Celox. It's just how much is in there. Easy tear points at the top so you can just rip it off and open the pack up. On the back, you've got the instructions. So here it will tell you to open the packet, find where it's bleeding, pour the granules straight onto the wound. And the important part is you need to apply direct pressure. So you put that on, directly put your hand over the wound or put a gauze pad on to start and put direct pressure on it. And you wanna do that for three minutes. At three minutes you can take your hand away and see if it stopped the bleeding. In most cases, it would have done. If it is continuing to bleed, put your hands on for another three minutes and then that should stop all the bleeding.

Now it's very important than with that in there that you then put the second dressing on the outside to hold it in place, but also take the actual wrapper here and tuck it underneath the dressing. So when the person gets to a hospital, the doctors will know exactly what's been applied. Now it's very easy to remove it for the hospitals, but from your point, once you put these in, you leave it in. Do not remove it or attempt to remove it. When you're using Celox there's no heat created so it's not uncomfortable to the person, but it will stop bleeding really, really quickly.

What we're going do now is to show you Celox in action. On the top, you can open the packet up just by nicking it. If not, if you've got scissors then just simply pop the scissors on the top, cut across and you can remove the top of the packet. Open up and have a look inside, you'll see the actual granules themselves in there. They're very fine granules. There's a little bit of dust coming off and this is very safe to use, however, it will dry things up. So if you did get into your eye or into your mouth or something like this, it's not going be toxic, however, it will dry it up so you need to drink plenty of water or flush it out of your eyes.

So now we've got here, this is just literally after about a minute, you see straight away that was just all water in there and if turned upside-down, apart from a bit of granule coming out, there's no liquid coming out there at all. Imagine that bung is actually inside the body, so it's very quickly reacted and it's formed a very good seal. So this could be something like, maybe a chainsaw cut, someone's got a chainsaw cut to the leg and you've found the wound and see straightaway you've actually managed to put that bung in there.

So what we're going then do is applying the direct pressure, we then put another dressing over the top, wrap that round applying direct pressure, tuck the actual wrapper underneath so that the doctors can see what's happened and then we can evacuate into emergency services as quickly as possible.