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What we're going to look at now is foreign objects, and particularly in the eyes, the ears, and the nose. Now, this is mainly found with children, although foreign objects can happen with anybody. The first one we're going to look at is the eyes. Now, there are a few little rules with the eyes. If you've got an object which is actually into the actual eye or into around the eye or a very large lump of grit, then leave it alone. 

If you try and pull out something that's stuck in the eye, then that can cause you problems and could damage the sight. If there are larger lumps of grit, then these may be able to be washed out, but be very, very careful not to rub the eye because this can scratch it and make it worse. If there's a lump of grit underneath the top eyelid you may be able to just pull the top eyelid away and hold it over and rub it over the bottom eyelid which will brush off the piece of dirt. Otherwise, smaller lumps of dirt in the eye, you can just tilt the head to one side and pour water into the eye, and use ideally saline or something specially made for cleaning the eyes. If not, you could use clean water.

Now, holding the eyelid down and pouring water in can be quite stressful, particularly with children, so you need to be very careful. You need to talk to them and sometimes it seems a little bit cruel what you're doing, but you do need to try and get the dirt out. But if in doubt or if you have any problem with the eyes, then seek medical help straight away.

Moving on to the ears. Now, with the ears, it's more common with children that you get things pushed into the ears. Other things that can happen is that an insect may get into the ear. If someone's got something in their ear, it can affect their hearing or reduce the amount of hearing, but also it can affect their balance. If you can easily get it out, then tilt the head and just let the item fall out, but don't go pushing things into the ear. What you do if you push it or you're trying to get the item out, you might push it in further and in some cases, you can actually damage the hearing. Other things that get stuck in the ear are things like cotton buds, where someone's put a cotton bud in an ear and then the end of it falls off. If again you can tilt the head and it falls out, great, or if it's still there and you can just gently pull it out with tweezers, that's okay, but be very, very careful. With insects in the ear, this can sometimes happen that an insect will crawl into an ear. Now, these can usually be removed by tilting the head to one side, pouring water in and then just literally allowing the insect to float out.

And finally, items in the nose. Now, this can happen sometimes with children. They're mucking around and they push something into their nose. Again, if it will easily come out, allow it to come out. If not, you're gonna have to get them to the emergency medical services to have it removed. If you start pushing it you might well push it in further and cause more damage. Sometimes when things get stuck in the nose you might get bleeding and then you can treat for nosebleeds, which we've covered in a separate video. But also with things going into the nose, this can affect the sound of the breathing, particularly when they are breathing through their other nostril. To summarize, if the thing can be removed very easily without damage then you can do, if not then you need to keep them calm, get them to the medical professionals, and get them to remove the item.